Special Education, as defined by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, (IDEA), is specially designed instruction, at no cost to the parents, to meet the unique needs of children with disabilities. Special Education is not a “place” for children with disabilities. It is a system of supports and services provided to a child in order for the child to have access to and benefit from the educational curriculum in the school they would go to if they did not have a disability.
Children who receive special education are those between 3 to 21 years’ old who have been determined to have a disability and need specialized instruction. The “determination” is made by a team of individuals, including the parent, who use a variety of information to determine if the child has a disability and the educational needs of the child. The child’s disability must fall into one or more of the 13 disabling categories as specified by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: Autism, Deaf-Blind, Hearing Impairment, Mental Retardation, Multiple Disabilities, Orthopedic Impairments, Other Health Impaired, Emotional Disturbance, Specific Learning Disability, Speech and Language Impaired, Traumatic Brain Injury, Visual Impairment including Blindness and Developmental Delay (up to age 9).
It is the Public School System’s goal to ensure all children with disabilities are located, identified and provided a Free Appropriate Public Education in the least restrictive environment that prepares them for future education, employment and independent living.
The US Office of Special Education Program makes grants available to assist states in providing a free appropriate public education in the least restrictive environment for children with disabilities ages 3 through 21.
Annual State Determination
The US Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) is required to review state data and annual performance reports and make a determination if the state or jurisdiction Special Education Program meets the Part B requirements of IDEA. The determination was based on the review of the Public School Systems Annual Performance Report, with valid and reliable data that reflected the measurement for each indicator, demonstrated compliance or timely correction of noncompliance, and in instances where it did not demonstrate compliance, had made progress in ensuring compliance over prior performance in that area.
- FFY 2019 State Determination (file forthcoming)
State Performance Plan/Annual Performance Report
In 2006, the Public School System Special Education Program was required to submit a State Performance Plan (SPP) which included measurable and rigorous performance targets and compliance targets on 20 Monitoring Indicators. The SPP was developed with input from stakeholders including the Special Education State Advisory Panel (SESAP), Parent Focus Groups, a Board of Education Subcommittee, School Leadership Teams, and special education staff and technical assistance provided by the University of Guam Center for Excellence in Developmental Disabilities Education, Research, and Service (Guam CEDDERS). Thereafter, the Special Education Program was required to submit an Annual Performance Report describing its performance based on the performance targets, slippage and improvement activity implementation.
- FFY 2018 Annual Performance Report (file forthcoming)
State Systemic Improvement Plan
In school year 2013-2014, the Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP has developed a Results Driven Accountability (RDA) system to better align its activities and use of resources to more effectively support States’ capacity to drive systems change that leads to improved results at the local level. The State Systemic Improvement Plan (SSIP) framework as a major focus of States and OSEP’s efforts in improving results for children with disabilities.
- SSIP Phase III Year 3 (File forthcoming)
618 Data Reports
Section 618 of IDEA requires that states must collect and report data that measure results for children and families served under the Part B program. States are required to submit data through EdFacts. EdFacts is a U.S. Department of Education initiative to put performance data at the center of policy, management, and budget decisions for all K-12 educational programs. CNMI was required to submit its Exit, Discipline, Personnel, Assessment, Child Count and Environments data via the Education Data Exchange Network (EDEN), which is a centralized portal through which states submit their educational data to the U.S. Department of Education. The Maintenance of Effort and Dispute Resolution were submitted through the EDFacts Metadata and Process System (EMAPS), which is a web-based tool used to provide State Education Agencies with an easy method of reporting and maintaining information on state policies, plans, and metadata in order to aid in the analysis of data collected.
- Child Count (file forthcoming)
- Environments (file forthcoming)
- Maintenance of Effort (file forthcoming)
- Discipline (file forthcoming)
- Exiting (file forthcoming)
- Dispute Resolution (file forthcoming)
- Personnel (file forthcoming)
- Assessment (file forthcoming)